Breast surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with lobular carcinoma: surgical and oncologic outcome

Autor(es): Annemiek van Hemert1 · Ariane A. van Loevezijn1 · Anne Bosman1,2 · Carmen A. Vlahu3 · Claudette E. Loo4 · Marie‑Jeanne T. F. D. Vrancken Peeters1 · Frederieke H. van Duijnhoven1 · Iris M. C. van der Ploeg


Introduction: Breast cancer patients with invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) have an increased risk of positive margins after surgery and often show little response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). We aimed to investigate surgical outcomes in patients with ILC treated with NAC.

Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, all breast cancer patients with ILC treated with NAC who underwent surgery at the Netherlands Cancer Institute from 2010 to 2019 were selected. Patients with mixed type ILC in pre-NAC biopsies were excluded if the lobular component was not confrmed in the surgical specimen. Main outcomes were tumor-positive margins and re-excision rate. Associations between baseline characteristics and tumor-positive margins were assessed, as were complications, locoregional recurrence rate (LRR), recurrence-free survival (RFS), and overall survival (OS).

Results: We included 191 patients. After NAC, 107 (56%) patients had breast conserving surgery (BCS) and 84 (44%) patients underwent mastectomy. Tumor-positive margins were observed in 67 (35%) patients. Fifty fve (51%) had BCS and 12 (14%) underwent mastectomy (p value<0.001). Re-excision was performed in 35 (33%) patients with BCS and in 4 (5%) patients with mastectomy. Defnitive surgery was mastectomy in 107 (56%) patients and BCS in 84 (44%) patients. Tumor-positive margins were associated with cT≥3 status (OR 4.62, 95% CI 1.26–16.98, p value 0.021) in the BCS group. Five-year LRR (4.7%), RFS (81%), and OS (93%) were not afected by type of surgery after NAC.

Conclusion: Although 33% of ILC breast cancer patients undergoing BCS after NAC required re-excision for positive resection margins, it is considered safe given that fve-year RFS remained excellent and LRR and OS did not difer by extent of surgery.

Keywords: Carcinoma · Lobular · Neoadjuvant systemic therapy · Breast conserving surgery · Mastectomy · Margins of excision · Recurrence · Overall survival

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