Optimising first-line subtyping-based therapy in triple negative breast cancer (FUTURE-SUPER): a multi-cohort, randomised, phase 2 trial

Autor(es): Lei Fan*, Zhong-Hua Wang*, Lin-Xiaoxi Ma*, Song-Yang Wu*, Jiong Wu*, Ke-Da Yu*, Xin-Yi Sui, Ying Xu, Xi-Yu Liu, Li Chen, Wen-Juan Zhang, Xi Jin, Qin Xiao, Ruo-Hong Shui, Yi Xiao, Han Wang, Yun-Song Yang, Xiao-Yan Huang, A-Yong Cao, Jun-Jie Li, Gen-Hong Di, Guang-Yu Liu, Wen-Tao Yang, Xin Hu, Yan Xia, Qian-Nan Liang, Yi-Zhou Jiang†, Zhi-Ming Shao†


Background – Triple-negative breast cancers display heterogeneity in molecular drivers and immune traits. We previously classified triple-negative breast cancers into four subtypes: luminal androgen receptor (LAR), immunomodulatory, basal-like immune-suppressed (BLIS), and mesenchymal-like (MES). Here, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of subtyping-based therapy in the first-line treatment of triple-negative breast cancer.

Methods –
FUTURE-SUPER is an ongoing, open-label, randomised, controlled phase 2 trial being conducted at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center (FUSCC), Shanghai, China. Eligible participants were females aged 18–70 years,with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0–1, and histologically confirmed, untreated metastatic or recurrent triple-negative breast cancer. After categorising participants into five cohorts according to molecular subtype and genomic biomarkers, participants were randomly assigned (1:1) with a block size of 4, stratified
by subtype, to receive, in 28-day cycles, nab-paclitaxel (100 mg/m², intravenously on days 1, 8, and 15) alone (control group) or with a subtyping-based regimen (subtyping-based group): pyrotinib (400 mg orally daily) for the LAR-HER2mut subtype, everolimus (10 mg orally daily) for the LAR-PI3K/AKTmut and MES-PI3K/AKTmut subtypes, camrelizumab (200 mg intravenously on days 1 and 15) and famitinib (20 mg orally daily) for the immunomodulatory subtype, and bevacizumab (10 mg/kg intravenously on days 1 and 15) for the BLIS/MES-PI3K/AKTWT subtype. The primary endpoint was investigator-assessed progression-free survival for the pooled subtyping-based group versus the control group in the intention-to-treat population (all randomly assigned participants). Safety was analysed in all patients with safety records who received at least one dose of study drug. This study is registered with (NCT04395989).

Findings Between July 28, 2020, and Oct 16, 2022, 139 female participants were enrolled and randomly assigned to the subtyping-based group (n=69) or control group (n=70). At the data cutoff (May 31, 2023), the median follow-up was 22·5 months (IQR 15·2–29·0). Median progression-free survival was significantly longer in the pooled subtypingbased group (11·3 months [95% CI 8·6–15·2]) than in the control group (5·8 months [4·0–6·7]; hazard ratio 0·44 [95% CI 0·30–0·65]; p<0·0001). The most common grade 3–4 treatment-related adverse events were neutropenia (21 [30%] of 69 in the pooled subtyping-based group vs 16 [23%] of 70 in the control group), anaemia (five [7%] vs
none), and increased alanine aminotransferase (four [6%] vs one [1%]). Treatment-related serious adverse events were reported for seven (10%) of 69 patients in the subtyping-based group and none in the control group. No treatmentrelated deaths were reported in either group.

Interpretation – These findings highlight the potential clinical benefits of using molecular subtype-based treatment optimisation in patients with triple-negative breast cancer, suggesting a path for further clinical investigation. Phase 3 randomised clinical trials assessing the efficacy of subtyping-based regimens are now underway.

Funding – National Natural Science Foundation of China, Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai, Shanghai Hospital Development Center, and Jiangsu Hengrui Pharmaceuticals.

Copyright © 2024 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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