Artigo

Preoperative factors that predict pathologic nodal involvement in early‑stage HER2+ breast cancer: selecting cT1cN0 patientsfor treatment with neoadjuvant chemotherapy versus upfront surgery

Autor(es): Sohayb Faleh · Ipshita Prakash · Aida Salehi · Haseeb Khan · Mark Basik · Jean Francois Boileau · David Tejera · Francois Panet · Karyne Martel · Sarkis Meterissian · Stephanie M. Wong

Abstract

Purpose: The goal of this study was to identify the preoperative predictors of pathologic nodal metastases (pN+) in cT1cN0 HER2+ breast cancer undergoing upfront surgery.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed data from women with cT1-T2N0 HER2+ breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant therapy (NAC) or upfront surgery at our institution between 2012 and 2023. Factors associated with management strategy were evaluated, and in those undergoing upfront surgery, univariate analyses were performed to identify the clinicopathologic factors associated with nodal metastases.
Results: Overall, 255 women with cT1-T2N0 HER2+ breast cancer met inclusion criteria, including 170 (68.6%) upfront surgery patients and 85 (31.4%) who underwent NAC. The median age at diagnosis was 59 years (range, 27–90 years). Younger age, larger clinical tumor size, high-grade disease, ER-PR-HER2+ subtype, and year of diagnosis after 2019 were significantly associated with receipt of NAC (p < 0.05). In those undergoing upfront surgery, 25.3% were pN+ , including 32.5% of cT1cN0 tumors. Factors associated with nodal involvement included age under 50, larger clinical tumor size, lymphovascular invasion (LVI), multifocality/multicentricity, and abnormal lymph nodes on axillary ultrasound (p < 0.05). In subset analysis of cT1cN0 HER2+ cases, LVI remained the strongest predictor of pN + disease (73.3% vs. 22.6%, p < 0.001). Patients with cT1cN0 HER2+ breast cancer under 50 years had a 47.1% likelihood of pN+ disease.
Conclusion: Patients with cT1cN0 breast cancer have a 32.5% likelihood of nodal metastases, with higher incidence with younger age, LVI, multifocality/multicentricity, and abnormal axillary ultrasound. The presence of these factors may identify the patients who would benefit from treatment with neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

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04/01/2024

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